Dogs and People Foods – which are safe and which are not? Here are 59 common foods that people think about feeding their dog. Some over okay and some are very toxic.
This is a long list and it is worth noting a few “Rule of Thumbs” that are easier to remember.
- Chocolate is bad for dogs – there is a chemical that is toxic to them.
- Any commercial sweet treat, especially “sugar-free”, is likely to contain XYLITOL which is toxic for dogs. (It is call called Birch Sugar, E967, Meso-Xylitol, Méso-Xylitol, Sucre de Bouleau, Xilitol, Xylit, Xylite, Xylo-pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol.)
- Small dogs can have problems with foods blocking their intestines. For example several of the nuts that are okay for dogs in general (e.g. peanuts and cashews) can cause problems with very small dogs.
- Most nuts are toxic or at least dangerous for most dogs. Peanuts and cashews, in moderation, are the exceptions. Macadamia nuts are especially toxic – as few as six can be fatal.
- Grapes and Raisins would seem like a natural treat, but they are toxic for dogs.
- Apple cores will contain apple seeds which contain cyanide. Obviously this is bad for animals.
- Hamburgers and Hot Dogs are okay in moderation. The danger is in the onions or spice/wine they are cooked in.
- A small dose of medicine designed for humans can be fatal to a dog. It is the most common cause of death by poisoning.
- Many dogs a lactose intolerant, just like people. If you see bloating or itching after you dogs eats a dairy product then you should always avoid dairy products for your dog.
- Do not feed anyone or any pet anything “made in China.”
Here is a quick list, there is an illustrated list along with a reference link for each of the foods mentioned.
QUICK LIST – WITH LINKS TO ILLUSTRATED AND
“Beer, liquor, wine, foods containing alcohol — none of it’s good. That’s because alcohol has the same effect on a dog’s liver and brain that it has on humans. But it takes far less to do its damage. Just a little can cause vomiting, diarrhea, central nervous system depression,
problems with coordination, difficulty breathing, coma, even death. And the
smaller the dog, the greater the effect.”
Almonds – No. Almonds may not necessarily be toxic to dogs like pecans, walnuts and macadamia nuts are, but they can block the esophagus
or even tear the windpipe if not chewed completely. Salted almonds are especially dangerous because they can increase water retention, which is potentially fatal to dogs prone to heart disease.
TOXIC TO DOGS -CYANIDE
“While most people try to avoid eating the core of an apple, it’s actually much more toxic to dogs. Along with a few other fruits, you should definitely be careful not to leave apple cores laying around for dogs to get their paws on.
What’s In It:
The core of an apple (as well as plums, peaches, pears and apricots) contain cyanogenic glycosides which is also known as cyanide.
What It Can Do:
Some of the symptoms that come from ingesting the toxin are dizziness, struggling to breath, seizures, collapsing, hyperventilation, shock and even coma.
GREAT – NOT THE CORE!
“Some Fresh Fruits Slices of apples… make tasty treats for your dog. Be sure to remove any seeds, stems, and leaves first, because they can cause serious problems.
“No matter how good you think the guacamole is, you shouldn’t give it to your dog. Avocados contain a substance called persin. It’s harmless for humans who aren’t allergic. But large amounts might be toxic to dogs. If you happen to be growing avocados at home, keep your dog away from the plants. Persin is in the leaves, seed, and bark, as well as in the fruit.”
CAN LEAD TO PANCREATIC DISEASE
“What? Bacon?! Say it isn’t so! It’s absolutely tragic that e can’t share one of the greatest foods out there with our canine buddies. We’ll need to remember this the next time we want to feed our dogs some breakfast bacon under the table. Well, more bacon for us then. Sorry, buddy.
What’s In It:
Foods rich in fat, like bacon, can lead to the disease
pancreatitis in dogs. Once a dog has developed pancreatitis, their pancreas’ become inflamed and stop functioning correctly.
What It Can Do:
This leads to all sorts of problems with digestion and nutrient absorption.
“Some Fresh Fruits ... bananas,… make tasty treats for your dog. Be sure to remove any seeds, stems, and leaves first, because they can cause serious problems.
“Black Walnuts, native to Northeastern U.S. and Canada, are toxic to horses and dogs, but non-toxic to cats. And if you have a walnut tree in your neighborhood, know that dogs ingesting old walnuts off the ground have the potential to develop tremors and seizures from walnut hulls that are moldy and contain penitrem A.”
Black Walnuts, English Walnuts and Hickory nuts are all dangerous.
Japanese are not as bad, but if moldy, can be fatal
“PANCREATITIS AND BONE SPLINTERS IN THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Fat Trimmings and Bones Table scraps often contain meat fat that a human didn’t eat as well as bones. Both are dangerous for dogs. Fat trimmed from meat, both cooked and uncooked, can cause pancreatitis. And, although it seems natural to give a dog a bone, he can choke on it. Bones can also splinter and cause an obstruction or lacerations of your dog’s digestive system. It’s best to just forget about the doggie bag.”
Too Many are Dangerous
Brazil nuts are among the fattiest of all nuts, and contain a particularly high amount of saturated fat compared to other nuts. Even eating a small of amount of these nuts can equal too much fat for your dog, which can cause gastrointestinal upset and/or other digestive difficulties. You may therefore want to avoid feeding Brazil nuts to your dog altogether. (FitDay)
GREAT IN SMALL AMOUNTS WITH NO RAISINS
Bread – Yes. Small amounts of plain bread (no spices and definitely no raisins) won’t hurt your dog, but it also won’t provide any
health benefits either. It has no nutritional value and can really pack on the
carbohydrates and calories, just like in people. Homemade breads are a better
option than store-bought, as bread from the grocery store typically contains
unnecessary preservatives, but it’s best to avoid it all together.
XYLITOL IS OFTEN THE SWEETENER – LIVER FAILURE
“Candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods are sweetened with xylitol. It can cause more insulin to circulate through your dog’s body. That can cause his blood sugar to drop and can also cause liver failure. Initial symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination. Eventually, he may have seizures. Liver failure can occur within just a few days.”
Alternate names are Birch Sugar, E967, Meso-Xylitol, Méso-Xylitol, Sucre de Bouleau, Xilitol, Xylit, Xylite, Xylo-pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol.irch Sugar, E967, Meso-Xylitol, Méso-Xylitol, Sucre de Bouleau, Xilitol, Xylit, Xylite, Xylo-pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol.
Your dog can have a healthy snack of carrot sticks… green
beans, …., or zucchini slices. Even a plain baked
potato is OK. But don’t let your dog eat any raw potatoes or any potato plants it might have access to in your garden.
GREAT – only a few
Cashews – Yes. Cashews are OK for dogs, but only a few at a time. They’ve got calcium, magnesium, antioxidants, and proteins, but while these nuts contain less fat than walnuts, almonds, or pecans, too many can lead to weight gain and other fat-related conditions. A few cashews here and there
is a nice treat, but only if they’re unsalted.
XYLITOL IS OFTEN THE SWEETENER – LIVER FAILURE
Candy, GUM (my emphasis), toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods are sweetened with xylitol. It can cause more insulin to circulate through your dog’s body. That can cause his blood sugar to drop and can also cause liver failure. Initial
symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination. Eventually, he
may have seizures. Liver failure can occur within just a few days.
BONES SPLINTERS ARE DANGEROUS
Poultry is a danger to dogs, not because of toxins it contains, but because of the bones. Chicken bones splinter and can cause stomach and bowel obstructions or worse.
Most people know that chocolate is bad for dogs. The toxic part is theobromine. It’s in all kinds of chocolate, even white. The most dangerous kinds, though, are dark
chocolate, chocolate mulch, and unsweetened baking chocolate.
Eating it, even just licking the icing bowl, can cause a dog to vomit, have diarrhea, and be
excessively thirsty. It can also cause abnormal heart rhythm, tremors,
seizures, and death.
Cinnamon and its oils can irritate the inside of pets’ mouths, making them uncomfortable and sick. It can lower a dog’s blood sugar too much and can lead to diarrhea, vomiting, increased, or decreased heart rate and even liver disease. If they inhale it in powder form, cinnamon can cause difficulty breathing, coughing, and choking.
Coconut – Yes. This funky fruit contain Lauric, which strengthens the immune system by fighting off viruses. It can also help with bad breath and clearing up skin conditions like hot spots, flea allergies, and itchy skin. Coconut milk and coconut oil are safe for dogs too. Just be sure your dog doesn’t get its paws on the furry outside of the shell, which can
get lodged in the throat.
Fatal in large quantities
Coffee, Tea, and Other Caffeine “Caffeine in large enough quantities can be fatal. And there is no antidote. Symptoms of caffeine poisoning include restlessness, rapid breathing, heart palpitations, muscle tremors, and fits. In addition to tea and coffee — including beans and grounds — caffeine can be found in cocoa, chocolate, colas, and stimulant drinks such as Red Bull. It’s also in some cold medicines and pain killers.”
BUT NOT THE COB
Corn – Yes. Corn is one of the most common ingredients in most dog foods. However, the cob can be hard for them to digest and may cause intestinal blockage so avoid giving them corn on the cob.
Your dog can have a healthy snack of …, green beans,
cucumber slices, or zucchini slices. Even a plain baked potato is OK. But don’t
let your dog eat any raw potatoes or any potato plants it might have access to
in your garden.
Eggs – Scrambled
Cooked Eggs – Yes. Eggs are safe for dogs as long as long as they are fully cooked. Cooked eggs are a wonderful source of protein and can help an upset stomach. However, eating raw egg whites can give dogs biotin deficiency, so be sure to cook the eggs all the way through before giving them to your pet.
FOOD POISONING AND SKIN PROBLEMS
There are two problems with giving your dog raw eggs. The first is the possibility of food poisoning from bacteria like Salmonella or E. coli. The second is that an enzyme in raw eggs interferes with the absorption of a particular B vitamin. This can cause skin problems as well as problems with your dog’s coat if she’s been eating them for a long time.
GREAT IF BONES ARE REMOVED
Fish – Yes. Fish contains good fats and amino acids, giving your dog a nice health boost. Salmon and sardines are especially beneficial – salmon because it’s loaded with vitamins and protein, and sardines because they have soft, digestible bones for extra calcium. With the exception of sardines, be sure to pick out all the tiny bones, which can be tedious but is necessary. Never feed your dog uncooked or under-cooked fish, only fully cooked and cooled, and limit your dog’s fish intake to no more than twice a week.
“Grapes and raisins have often been used as treats for dogs.But it’s not a good idea. Although it isn’t clear why, grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure. And just a small amount can make a dog ill. Repeated vomiting is an early sign. Within a day, she’ll become lethargic and depressed. The best prevention is to keep grapes and raisins off counters and other places your dog can reach.”
“Green beans are highly recommended by veterinarians for owners looking to help their dogs lose weight. They are very high in fiber but low in calories, making them a healthy treat alternative that’s filling but won’t add any weight.”
Most healthy foods that are good for us are relatively good for dogs. However, it’s important to research what you can feed your pup before you do it. What started out as something healthy for a dog (like ground beef or grilled chicken) can instantly be made poisonous with the addition of certain oils, wines or onions.
SAFE -Except for small dogs
Dogs can eat hazelnuts as they are not toxic to them. But, if you have a small dog, a
hazelnut could pose a choking risk or could cause an intestinal obstruction.
(Source: WagTHEdog UK0
Honey – Yes. Honey is packed with countless nutrients such as vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K, potassium, calcium, magnesium, copper, and antioxidants. Feeding dogs a tablespoon of local honey twice a day can help with allergies because it introduces small amounts of pollen to their systems, building up immunity to allergens in your area. In addition to consuming honey, the sticky spread can also be used as a topical treatment for burns and superficial cuts.
GREAT -Without onions
“If you decide to offer a hot dog to your dog, please be sure to offer a plain hot dog, and preferably cut into small bits to avoid choking or an intestinal blockage. Feeding your dog hot dogs with mustard, ketchup or any other sauce that may contain garlic or onion is a definite no. Feeding a ‘coney’ dog style hot dog with chili and onions is definitely a you’re your dog runs a very high risk of stomach upset from the chili and the seasoning, but also extreme adverse effects from the onion. If you cannot withstand the look in your pup’s eyes when eating a coney dog, do not eat a coney if front of him/her.”
“On a hot day, it may be tempting to share your ice cream cone with your dog. But if he could, he’d thank you for not doing so. Milk and milk-based products can cause diarrhea and other digestive upset, as well as set up food allergies (which often show up as itchiness).”
Most dogs are fine eating lean cuts of meat that have been thoroughly cooked. Be sure to remove all visible fat — including the skin on poultry. Also be sure there are no bones in the meat before you give it to your dog.
TOXIC EXCEPT IN SMALL AMOUNTS
Small amounts of cooked animal liver are fine for dogs, but beware of giving too much. Since the liver can contain high amounts of Vitamin A, the organ can actually be toxic to animals. An excess of Vitamin A can cause deformed bones, anorexia and even death in some rare cases.
“Dogs shouldn’t eat macadamia nuts or foods with them because they can be fatal. As few as six raw or roasted macadamias can make them ill. Symptoms of poisoning include muscle tremors, weakness or paralysis of the hindquarters, vomiting, elevated body temperature, and rapid heart rate. Eating chocolate with the nuts will make symptoms worse, possibly leading to death.”
OFTEN TOXIC – MOST COMMON CAUSE OF POISONING DEATH
Your Medicine Reaction to a drug prescribed for humans is the most common cause of poisoning in dogs. Just as you would do for your children, keep all medicines out of your dog’s reach. And, never give your dog any over-the-counter medicine unless your vet tells you to. Ingredients such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are often in pain relievers and cold medicine. And they can be deadly for your dog
Milk and Other Dairy Products “Milk and milk-based products can cause diarrhea and other digestive upset, as well as set up food allergies (which often show up as itchiness).”
Oatmeal. A great source of soluble fiber, which can be especially beneficial to senior dogs with bowel irregularity issues. It is also a great alternate grain for dogs allergic to wheat. Make sure to cook oatmeal before serving it to your dog. Do not add any sugar or flavor additives.
“Onions and garlic in all forms — powdered, raw, cooked, or dehydrated — can destroy a dog’s red blood cells, leading to anemia. That can happen even with the onion powder found in some baby food. An occasional small dose is probably OK. But eating a large quantity just once or eating smaller amounts regularly can cause poisoning. Symptoms of anemia include weakness, vomiting, little interest in food, dullness, and breathlessness.”
GREAT! – NO RIND OR SEEDS
“Slices of …oranges….make tasty treats for your dog. Be sure to remove any seeds, stems, and leaves first, because they can cause serious problems.”
In addition to the actual fruit portion of the orange, the outer rind has a large amount of vitamin C as well as additional vitamins and minerals in a more concentrated form. But giving dogs orange rinds is not recommended, says Keyserling. They are difficult for a dog’s digestive system to break down and could cause gastrointestinal upset.Pet parents should also make sure to cut out any seeds before feeding orange slices to their dogs
OKAY – IN MODERATION
“Having your dog eat too many pancakes (or too much of anything, really) can lead them to become overweight, or at least suffer from a serious bout of indigestion.
As for maple syrup, honey, whipped cream, or butter on your pancakes, it’s recommended that you leave them out from your dog’s portion of the food, because sweets are never good for dogs, plus butter is a dairy product, which doesn’t bode well for any lactose-intolerant canines out there. A pancake or two without syrup will suffice. One or two bites off your no-syrup, no-cream pancake is also acceptable.”
SEEDS AND PITS CAUSE INFLAMMATION IN SMALL INTESTINE
PEACH PITS ARE TOXIC
Peaches, Persimmons and Plums
The problem with these fruits is the seeds or pits. The seeds from persimmons can cause inflammation of the small intestine in dogs. They can also cause intestinal obstruction. Obstruction is also a possibility if a dog eats the pit from a peach or plum. Plus, peach and plum pits contain cyanide, which is poisonous to both humans and dogs. The difference is humans know not to eat them. Dogs don’t.
Peanut butter – Yes. Just like whole peanuts, peanut butter is an excellent source of protein for dogs. It contains heart-healthy fats, vitamins B and E and niacin. Raw, unsalted peanut butter is the healthiest
option because it doesn’t contain xylitol, a sugar substitute that can be toxic to dogs.
“Pecans also contain the toxin juglone that can cause laminitis in horses. Feeding dogs pecans can cause gastric intestinal upset or an obstruction.
Like walnuts, moldy pecans can contain tremorgenic mycotoxins which can cause seizures or neurological symptoms.”
GREAT – IF PLAIN
Popcorn – Yes. Unsalted, unbuttered, plain air-popped popcorn is OK for your dog in moderation. It contains riboflavin and thiamine, both of which promote eye health and digestion, as well as small amounts of
iron and protein. Be sure to pop the kernels all the way before giving them to your dog, as unpopped kernels could become a choking hazard.
Pork / ham – Yes. Pork is highly digestible protein, packed with amino acids, and it contains more calories per pound than other meats. Pork also may be less likely to cause an allergic reaction in some
pets compared to meat.
Canned pumpkin or fresh, cooked pumpkin with no added sugars and spices is a great choice for dogs with a sensitive stomach. It’s also an excellent source of vitamin A and fiber. (Source: IHeartDogs)
FOOD POISONING – SOME FISH HAVE A PARASITE THAT CAN BE FATAL IN 2 WEEKS
Raw meat and raw fish, like raw eggs, can contain bacteria that causes food poisoning. In addition, certain kinds of fish such as salmon, trout, shad, or sturgeon can contain a parasite that causes “fish disease” or “salmon poisoning disease.” If not treated, the disease can be fatal within 2 weeks. The first signs of illness are vomiting, fever, and big lymph nodes. Thoroughly cooking the fish will kill the parasite and protect your dog.
Cooked White Rice and Pasta
Dogs may enjoy plain white rice or pasta after it’s cooked. A serving of plain white rice with some boiled chicken can also provide welcome relief from gastrointestinal upset.
SODIUM ION POISONING FROM TOO MUCH.
It’s not a good idea to share salty foods like chips or pretzels with your dog. Eating too much salt can cause excessive thirst and urination and lead to sodium ion poisoning. Symptoms of too much salt include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, and seizures. It may even cause death.
GREAT IF COOKED AND PEELED
Shrimp – Yes. A few shrimp every now and then is fine for your dog, but only if they are fully cooked and the shell (including the tail, head, and legs) is removed completely. Shrimp are high in antioxidants, vitamin B-12, and phosphorus, but also low in fat, calories, and carbohydrates.
TOO MUCH IS A PROBLEM
Too much sugar can do the same thing to dogs that it does to humans. It can lead to obesity, dental problems, and possibly the onset of diabetes.
“Prevent frozen water from sticking to your best buddy’s tongue by crushing the cubes which will also eliminate a potential choking hazard.
It is best to avoid puppy dogs any ice cubs for saftey’s sake. some make claims that adverse reactions to ice cubes , such as vomiting and bloating, are possible when given to dogs. Most experts, however, say it;s fine and they recommend thos kind of hydration. As long as you ensure that your dog doesn’t choke, or damage their teeth , ice cubes are appropriate.”
Not recommended – Often made in China and that is VERY DANGEROUS
Google for Jerky Treats Dangerous and you will see many articles. Here is one.
“In September 2007, the AVMA issued an alert that stated we had been receiving calls from veterinarians reporting Fanconi syndrome-like disease in dogs; the veterinarians reported that the problem appeared to be associated with the consumption of chicken jerky treats made in China. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was alerted and investigated the complaints, but testing of the products did not identify any toxins or contaminants. The AVMA continued to receive occasional reports of suspected cases through February 2009 and sporadic reports since that time.”
YES You can
“Want to know if a treat is healthy for your dog’s teeth? Look for the Veterinary Oral Health Council’s seal of approval on it that reads “VOHC Accepted.” If it’s not there, don’t offer it.”
Not necessarily good
“Pasta isn’t harmful to dogs as long as it’s fed in moderation. It’s definitely not healthy for dogs, but it won’t kill or hurt them in any way. Pasta, particularly white enriched pasta, is mostly flour and water with some eggs or oil added. None of these ingredients are harmful to your dog, but none of them are absolutely necessary for optimal health. As long as your dog doesn’t have any wheat or grain allergies, pasta won’t harm them. If you’re making the choice between white or whole grain pasta, whole grain noodles are a better choice than enriched pasta made with white flour.”
Safe if Less than 10 Percent
“The 10% Rule
Treats and snacks should only make up 10% of a dog’s daily calories. To get an idea of how many treats that is, ask your vet. They can make a recommendation based on the treats your dog likes, his weight, and how active he is.”
“Other snacks that can work well as low-calorie dog treats are air-popped popcorn with no salt or butter, and plain rice cakes broken into little pieces.”
Dangerous – especially for aggressive chewers
There are many instances of broken teeth from hard chew toys – especially toys like anlers and hooves. There are mixed reviews on Rawhide chews. Most of the real pros fell that most dogs have trouble digesting them.
“Use the rule of thumb: If you push your thumbnail into a treat and it leaves a mark, that’s a safe treat. If it
doesn’t, the treat is too hard for a dog to safely chew.”
Tuna – Yes. In moderation, cooked fresh tuna is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, which promotes heart and eye health. As for canned tuna, it contains small amounts of mercury and sodium, which should be avoided in excess. A little bit of canned tuna and tuna juice here and there is fine – prepared only in water, not oil – as long as it doesn’t contain any spices.
Turkey – Yes. Turkey is fine for dogs as long as it is not covered in garlic (which can be very toxic to dogs) and seasonings. Also be sure to remove excess fat and skin from the meat and don’t forget to check for
bones; poultry bones can splinter during digestion, causing blockage or even tears in the intestines.
GREAT – REMOVE SEEDS
Some Fresh Fruits
“…watermelon make tasty treats for your dog. Be sure to remove any seeds, stems, and leaves first, because they can cause serious problems.”
SEVERE PAIN OR POISONING.
Before it’s baked, bread dough needs to rise. And, that’s exactly what it would do in your dog’s stomach if she ate it. As it swells inside, the dough can stretch a dog’s abdomen and cause severe pain. In addition, when the yeast ferments the dough to make it rise, it makes alcohol that can lead to alcohol poisoning.
GREAT IF PLAIN
Yogurt – Yes. Plain yogurt is a perfectly acceptable snack for dogs. It is rich with protein and calcium. The active bacteria in yogurt
can help strengthen the digestive system with probiotics. Be sure to skip over yogurts with added sugars and artificial sweeteners.
“Your dog can have a healthy snack of carrot sticks, green beans, cucumber slices, or zucchini slices. Even a plain baked potato is OK. Don’t let your dog eat any raw potatoes or any potato plants from your pantry or garden.”
Dogs and People Foods Disclaimer
There is no guarantee here. Your dog could have allergies that make this list useless, but this is at least a place to start to learn about Dogs and People Foods
There are several other quizzes on People Foods that are Not Safe for dogs to eat. You cab test your know;ege here. Here is the links to the food quizzes:
- Which Meats are Safe for Dogs
- Which Nuts are Safe for Dogs
- Which Breakfast Foods are Safe for Dogs
- Which Party Foods are Safe for Dogs
- Which Fruits and Vegetables are Safe for Dogs